introduced 2002

• approx. 11.1 effective megapixels
• 35.8 x 23.8 sensor (equivalent to 35mm film)
• approx 3fps continuous shooting speed (with maximum burst of 10 shots)
• enlarged image display possible on LCD
• shutter release time lag of only 55ms
• top shutter speed of 1/8000 second
• flash synchronisation at up to 1/250 second
• retains EOS 1D features and operation
• dust and water resistance and durability similar to the EOS 1D
• chassis and external covers made of magnesium alloy
• designed for quick operation
• customization possible

Canon's flagship professional digital SLR, designed for commerical, social and studio photographers. 11.1 megapixel sensor offers a resolution nearly three times that of the eOS 1D. 3fps shooting in 10 frame bursts, with a top shutter speed of 1/8000 second.

EOS magazine, December 2002, page 12

Type: Digital AF/AE single lens reflex camera
Compatible lenses: Canon EF

Imaging element
Type: high-sensitivity, high-resolution, single plate CMOS sensor
Image size: 35.8 x 23.8mm
Effective pixels: approx. 11.1 million (4082 x 2718 pixels)
Total pixels: approx 11.4 million (4160 x 2736 pixels)
Pixel unit: 8.8 m square
Colour filter: RGB primary colour filter
Low-pass filter: located in front of the imaging element; non-removable
Cleaning mode: provided

Recording media drvie
Type: CompactFlash cards Types I and II
Slots: one, with cover
CF card accessing indicator: blinking access lamp
Reading error warning: displayed on the top LCD panel, in the viewfinder and on the LCD monitor; shutter release also locks
CF card formatting: enabled
Misloading prevention mechanism: provided

White balance
Type: auto white balance with dedicated external sensor and imaging element hybrid
• auto (3000-7000 K)
• daylight (5200 K)
• shade (7000 K)
• cloudy (6000 K)
• tungsten light (3200 K)
• fluorescent (4000 K)
• flash (5600 K)
• manual (2000 ? 10000 K) ? reading taken from white subject
• colour temperature (2800-10000 K) ? value set manually
• PC-1 to PC-3 ? with dedicated software, up to three colour temperatures can be registered
all colour temperature ranges are approximate
White balance bracketing: can be set in 3 steps in full step increments (one step is equivalant to 5 mireds); three bracketed shots (standard, reddish, bluish) are taken in the current drive mode; if the self-timer is used the bracketed shots are taken continuously; set the bracketing amount to zero cancels the bracketing; white balance bracketing cannot be set at the same time as autoexposure bracketing (AEB)

Colour matrixes
Types: sRGB and Adobe RGB; with sRGB one of four type of colour balances can be selected

Type: fixed eye-level pentaprism
Focusing screen: interchangeable with Ec-sseries focusing screens; Ec-C III screen provided as standard; metering correction for different screens can be set with C.Fn-0
Dioptric adjustment: ?3 to +1 dioptre
Eyepoint: 20mm
Coverage: 100% vertically and horizontally (for JPEG large)
Magnification: 0.7x (with 50mm lens at infinity, ?1 dioptre)
Viewfinder information (on the screen):
• Area AF ellipse
• AF points
• spot metering circle
Viewfinder information (below the screen):
• manual exposure level
• AE Lock (blinks at 2Hz during bracketing)
• flash ready (lights when ready or blinks when FE Lock setting is unsuitable)
• high-speed synchronization (FP flash)
• shutter speed (blinks at 2Hz for out-of-range warning)
• bulb
• Depth-of-field AE mode
• AF point selection mode
• flash exposure lock (FEL)
• busy (data being processed)
• aperture (blinks at 2Hz for out-of-range warning)
• AF point selection mode
• exposure compensation/flash exposure compensation
• ISO speed
• shots remaining
• self-timer countdown
• in-focus indicator (blinks at 8Hz if focus cannot be achieved)
• CF card full warning
• CF card error warning
Viewfinder information (right of screen):
• exposure compensation amount
• AE Lock and real-time metering indicator
• manual exposure level
• exposure brackting amount
• background exposure with flash (camera metering result)
• multi-spot metering
• flash exposure compensation amount
• FE Lock indicator
• FEB amount
• manual flash exposure level
• maximum burst continuous shooting
• JPEG mark
Mirror: quick return half mirror
Viewfinder blackout time: approx. 87 milliseconds at 1/60 second or faster speeds
Mirror lockup: enabled with C.Fn-12-1 (mirror locks up when shutter button is fully depressed; exposure is made when shutter button is pressed again; mirror lockup lasts 30 seconds if no exposure is made during this period)
Mirror cut-off: none with EF lenses
Depth-of-field preview: enabled with depth-of-field preview button (with Speedlites 550EX and 420EX, Macro RingLite MR-14EX and Macro Twin Lite MT-24EX, pressing the depth-of-field preview button fires a modelling flash)
Eyepiece shutter: built-in
Eyecup: EC-II provided

Type: TTL-AREA-SIR with a CMOS sensor
AF points: 45-point Area AF (the seven vertical AF points at the centre are cross-type sensors which are also vertical-line sensitive up to f2.8)
Focusing modes:
• autofocus (switchable between One-Shot AF and Predictive AI Servo AF)
• manual focus
AF point selection:
• manual ? 45 points (standard), 11 points (C.Fn.-13-1/2), 9 points (C.Fn.-13-3)
• automatic
• home (switches to any registered AF point or to automatic AF point selection)
Active AF point indicator: AF point is superimposed in the viewfinder
AF activation: by partially depressing shutter button
In-focus indicators: AF point superimposed in viewfinder (enabled/disabled with Custom Function); in-focus indicator at base of viewfinder; electronic beep (enabled/disabled with the main switch)
AF working range: EV 0 to 18 (at 20C and ISO 100, according to Canon's testing conditions)
AF-assist beam: not built-in; available with Speedlite having built-in AF-assist beam)

Exposure control
Type: maximum aperture TTL metering with 21-zone silicon photocell (SPC)
Metering modes:
• evaluative (likable to any AF point)
• partial (approx. 8.5% of screen)
• centre spot metering (approx. 2.4% of screen)
• AF-point linked spot metering (11 points with C.Fn.-13-1 or 9 points with C.Fn.-13-3)
• multi-spot metering (up to 8 readings)
• centre-weighted average metering
Exposure modes:
• shutter-priority AE (safety shift enabled with C.Fn.-16-1)
• aperture-priority AE (safety shift enabled with C.Fn.-16-1)
• Depth-of-field AE (non-shiftable); 4) Program AE (shiftable)
• E-TTL program autoflash (21-zone flash metering)
• manual
• flash metered manual
• bulb
Metering range: EV 0 to 20 (at 20C with 50mm f1.4 lens, ISO 100, in accordance with Canon's standard testing conditions)
Unsuitable exposure warning: shutter speed or aperture display blinks at 2Hz on the top LCD panel and in the viewfinder
ISO speeds: 100 to 1250 (with C.Fn.-3 can be set to ISO 50)
Exposure compensation:
• autoexposure bracketing (AEB) with shutter speed/aperture or ISO speed as bracketing factors - up to 3 stops in 1/3 step (shutter speed/aperture) or 1/2 stop (ISO speed) increments
• manual exposure compensation up to 3 stops in 1/3 step increments
AE Lock:
• auto (in One-shot AF mode with evaluative metering, AE Lock is set when focus is achieved
• manual (enabled with AE Lock button)
Multiple exposures: not possible

Type: vertical-travel, mechanical, focal-plane shutter with all speeds electronically controlled; front and rear curtains both have dedicated rotary magnet control; curtain speed 2.2ms/24mm
Shutter speeds: 30 seconds to 1/8000 second, plus bulb; flash synchronization at 1/250 second; in shutter-priority AE and manual exposure modes shutter speeds can be set in 1/3 step increments; in bulb exposure mode the exposure time is displayed on the top LCD panel from 00:00 to 59:59 minutes:seconds and 1 to 23 hours
Shutter release: soft-touch electromagentic release
Shutter release time lag: between the maximum aperture and closing down three stops (excluding AF operation time)
• during SW-1 ON, time lag between SW-2 ON and start of exposure is 55ms
• time lag between simultaneous SW-1/SW-2 and start of exposure is 191ms
Long exposure noise reduction: applied to shutter speeds from 1 second to bulb exposures
Self-timer: 2 or 10 second delay; self-timer in progress can be cancelled by turning the main switch to OFF; self-timer operation indicated by self-timer lamp which blinks at 2Hz for the first 8 seconds and 8Hz for the final two seconds; self-timer countdown also displayed on the ISO speed display
Remote control: N3 type terminal provided
Camera shake warning: none

Flash synchronization contacts:
• hot-shoe with locking pin hole
• threaded PC terminal
flash usable simultaneously with both contacts
Flash modes (enabled with the camera's Program AE mode):• with EX-series Speedlites ? E-TTL autoflash, FE Lock, flash metered manual
• with TTL and A-TTL Speedlites ? manual firing, stroboscopic flash, external flash metering
• with non-Canon flash units ? external flash can synchronize at 1/250 second or slower, studio flash can synchronize at 1/125 second or slower
Flash exposure compensation:
• manual ? up to 3 steps in 1/3 step increments
• flash exposure bracketing (FEB) ? enabled and set with 550EX, MR-14EX and MT-24EX
Wireless flash: enabled with 550EX (master or slave), 420EX (slave only), ST-E2 (master only), MR-14EX (master only) and MT-24EX (master only); three slave groups (A, B, C) can be controlled; a flash ratio (A:B) can be set; FEB can be set according to the flash ratio; a modelling flash can be fired

Drive system
Drive modes:
• single
• continuous (3fps)
• self-timer (10 seconds)
• self-timer (2 seconds)
Buffer memory: when buffer memory is full, shooting is disabled until one image is completely transferred to the CF card; while no pictures are being taken, images stored in the buffer memory and constantly transferred to the CF card to free the memory
Shooting capacity: at 20C approx. 600 images; at 0C approx. 450 images (with a fully-charged Ni-MH pack, EF 50mm f1.4 USM lens; image viewer ON, image checking time of 2 seconds and Large/Fine image quality)
Image check: image review can be set to OFF, ON or ON (infor); the image review time can be set to 2, 4 or 8 seconds, or HOLD (when HOLD is set, the LCD monitor turns off after half the Auto Power Off tme elapses

LCD monitor
Type: TFT colour liquid-crystal
Screen size: 2 inches
Pixels: approx. 120,000 (actual pixels displayed)
Coverage: 100% (for JPEG images)
Brightness adjustment: 5 levels
Refresh rate: approx. 1/60 second

Playback feature
Image display format:
• single image (info)
• single image
• 4-image index
• 9-image indeX
• enlarged image display (P.Fn.-31)
Information display:
• shutter speed
• aperture
• exposure compensation amount
• image protection
• audio recording
• image quality
• shooting mode
• metering mode
• flash exposure compensation amount
• ISO speed
• ISO bracketing amount
• white balance mode
• white balance bracketing amount
• colour temperature
• date
• time
• file number
• AF point
• histogram
• Original Image evaluation data
Highlight alert: in the single image (info) or single image display mode the white portions which do not contain information will blink

Image protection / erase
Protect: a single image, all images in a folder, or all images on a CF card can be protected or unprotected
Erase: a single image, all images in a folder, or all images on a CF card can be erased if they are not protected

Audio recording
Recording method: sound recorded with the built-in microphone is attached to the respective image; a sound icon is displayed for audio files; there is no audio playback facility in the camera ? audio files can be replayed on a computer
Recording format: 8kHz sampling, 8-bit/sample WAV file
Recording time: maximum 30 seconds (approx.) per recording; by repeating the audio recording operation the recording for one image can be extended above 30 seconds

• shooting
• playback
• set-up
• Custom/Personal Functions
LCD monitor dispaly languages: Japanese, English, French, German, Spanish
Firmware updating: possible by user

Custom Functions: 21 functions with 67 settings
Personal Functions: 26 functions settabe with dedicated software

Battery: one Ni-MH Pack NP-E3
AC power: with AC Adaptor PA-V16 and DC Coupler
Main switch: three settings ? OFF, ON, Sound
Battery check: automatic when main switch is ON; battery power is indicated by one of four levels on the LCD panel
Auto power off: settable to 1, 2, 4, 8, 15 or 30 minutes; power turns off after non-operation for this time period
Back-up battey: one CR2025 button battery (approx. 10 year life)

Operating environment
Temperature: 0 to 45C
Humidity: 85% or less

Size: 156 x 157.6 x 79.9mm (w x h x d)
Weight: 1250g (excluding the Ni-MH pack and CF card)

Canon introduces the world's first full-frame professional digital camera with an 11.1 megapixel CMOS sensor

Canon's latest professional digital camera is based on the EOS 1D, but targets studio photographers. The EOS 1Ds (the 's' is for 'studio') features an 11.1 megapixel CMOS sensor, offering a resolution nearly three times that of the EOS 1D.

The new camera is an addition to the range, rather than a replacement. The EOS 1D, with its continuous shooting speed of 8 frames per second, will still be a favourite for news and sports photographers. The EOS 1Ds shooting speed of 3 frames a second is more suited to the world of portrait and pack shot photography.

Another major benefit of the EOS 1Ds is its full-frame sensor. For all practical purposes, the 35.8 x 23.8mm sensor is the same size as a 35mm film frame (nominally 36 x 24mm). This means that EF lenses on the new camera show the same angle-of-view seen on EOS analogue (film) models, a feature which will be welcomed by ultra-wide-angle lens users.

With image quality close to that of film, the EOS 1Ds is likely to accelerate the transition from film to digital among professional users.

CMOS sensor
The EOS 1Ds has made a huge leap in resolution. Until now, the EOS D60 was the Canon camera which offered the highest resolution, with a 6 megapixel CMOS sensor. This was followed by the EOS 1D with a 4.3 megapixel CCD sensor.

It is Canon's continuing development of CMOS technologies which has produced the 11.1 megapixel full-frame sensor. The high noise-to-signal ratio which has limited the use of CMOS sensors in digital cameras has been overcome. The newly-developed single plate sensor produces little noise and the signal-reading system has been changed to suppress this noise to an insignificant level, even at the equivalent of ISO 1250.

A new imaging engine has been introduced. This has been designed to produce high image quality, excellent colour reproduction and a wide tonal range equal to, or better than, professional 35mm slide film.

The JPEG image processing parameters (tone curve, sharpness and quality) can now be set with the camera (previously these could only be adjusted when a camera was connected to a computer).

Since CMOS sensors consume less power than CCDs, battery life has been improved over the EOS 1D.

Increased FAT
Until now, digital cameras have used the FAT 16 media format. This can only handle recording media up to 2GB. If you use a recording medium with more than 2GB storage, you will be limited to 2GB. FAT 32 is a media format introduced after Windows 98 and can handle up to 2048GB of storage (though no storage cards of this capacity are yet available). The EOS 1Ds offers automatic setting of FAT 16 or 32. The camera detects the storage capacity of card loaded and chooses the appropriate format.

The EOS 1Ds has a single card slot which accepts Type I and Type II CompactFlash cards and IBM Microdrives.

High technology
The high-speed FireWire (IEEE1394) standard enables 50Mbps throughput for high transfer speeds with rapid plug and play downloads to a computer.

A range of white balance settings cover most common lighting types, but the colour temperature can also be set manually between the range 2800 and 10000 K. White balance exposure bracketing provides maximum flexibility and superb colour accuracy. In addition, ISO speed bracketing means that the shutter speed and aperture values can be fixed, with changes in exposure made by altering the equivalent ISO film speed.

The shutter lag time of just 55ms and an extremely short dark phase viewing of only 87ms, together with ultra-fast and precise autofocusing, mean that the decisive moment can be captured. The fastest shutter speed is 1/8000 second, with flash synchronization up to 1/250 second.

The EOS 1Ds incorporates many professional features from the EOS 1V and EOS 1D, including 45-point area autofocus and 21-zone metering.

In reponse to customer requests, an image enlargement function has been introduced. 25 sections of a selected photograph can be enlarged on the camera's LCD screen, allowing the detail and sharpness of the image to be checked.

The only difference in external appearance between the EOS 1D and EOS 1Ds is the gold-plated 'Ds' and 'Digital' name plates on the front of the new camera. Otherwise, the physical shape, dimensions and weight are the same. The seams of moving parts are sealed to the same dust and water resistance as the EOS 1D. The chassis and external covers (top, front and back) are made of magnesium alloy for light weight and excellent rigidity. The mechanical shutter has been tested to a durability of 150,000 cycles (over 4000 36-exposure films, or more than 16 films every week for five years).

The EOS 1Ds has the same viewfinder specifications and exposure control system as the EOS 1V (except that there is no TTL or A-TTL autoflash programs). It is compatible with all EF lenses, and with all EOS 1V accessories (except non-E-TTL autoflash Speedlites).

The basic layouts of the camera controls and the LCD panel are based on the EOS 1D. The camera is highly customizable with 21 Custom Functions (67 settings) and 26 Personal Functions.

The software bundled with the camera is compatible with Windows 98SE, Me, 2000 and XP operating systems, and Macintosh OS 8.6 to 9.2 and 10.1.

The Windows software includes Adobe Photoshop 5.0 LE, File Viewer Utility, TWAIN driver, WIA driver, ZoomBrowser EX, PhotoRecord, RemoteCapture and PhotoStitch. The Macintosh software includes Adobe Photoshop 6.0 LE, File Viewer Utility, ImageBrowser, RemoteCapture and PhotoStitch.

The new File Viewer Utility makes fast viewing and display of your photographs possible, and simultaneously permits the conversion of RAW files with individual parameters. You can also produce and save Index review summaries very simply.

For professional processing of digital prints, there is the choice of two colour spaces, sRGB and Adobe RGB, depending on the shooting situation and purposes of the photo. Additionally four sRGB colour schemes can be selected.

A new feature, the 'Original Decision Data' permits digital photos to be uniquely marked, so that they can be easily identified at any time. Retouched shots, photos with subsequently changed shooting data and JPEG files that have been opened and saved outside the camera can now be distinguised from the originals, or from originals that have either been copied or whose file names have been changed. This feature is activated by a Personal Function and the decision data is verified by the optional software DVK-E1 (Data Verification Kit E1). This facility will be very useful for insurance companies, expert assessors, law enforcers and picture agencies.

24 September 2002

Canon introduces the world's first full frame professional digital camera with an 11.1 Megapixel CMOS sensor - The EOS 1Ds

Amstelveen, September 24th, Canon announces the world's highest resolution professional digital camera the EOS 1Ds, featuring the first ever full frame 35mm CMOS sensor, with 11.1 million effective pixels. The EOS 1Ds captures astounding detail and colour, almost doubling the resolution considered state of the art for a digital SLR camera in the world today*.

The EOS 1Ds has made a huge leap in resolution by means of the continuous development of the CMOS sensor. Canon's groundbreaking CMOS technologies deliver high resolution, low noise and low power consumption, allowing photography to make a quantum leap in terms of digital image quality.

The EOS 1Ds can capture images at approximately three frames per second for a 10-frame burst, even at the highest quality setting. It also has almost three times as many pixels as the super fast EOS 1D.

With its extremely high resolution, the EOS 1Ds has been designed to meet the needs of those professional photograhers who need the ultimate in digital image quality. Therefore, it is expected to appeal to professionals active in a wide range of specialties including studio, commercial, reportage, or fashion photography.

"The introduction of this camera tops Canon's flagship professional digital range, claiming dual world records for both the highest resoultion, with the EOS 1Ds, and the fastest speed, with the EOS 1D, thus providing an incredibly competitive pro product line-up" said Mr. Komatsuzaki, Head of Canon Consumer Imaging, Europe. "Launched in September 2001, the Canon EOS 1D remains the fastest professional SLR digital camera ever**, with a continuous shooting speed of eight frames per second and a burst of 21 frames."

Having a full frame sensor the same size and aspect ratio as 35mm film has long been the holy grail of digital photography, but the EOS 1Ds also delivers what has so far not been possibe, ultra-high resolution in the SLR format. Another long-awaited benefit of a full frame sensor is that it allows the use of wide angle lenses without any focal length magnification, a traditional limitaion of previous digital cameras. "The world's best photographers will be happy to see that the arrival of the EOS 1Ds means that digtial output now rivals the quality of 35mm film," said Mr. Komatsuzaki.

The EOS 1Ds sees the introduction of Canon's new imaging engine. This has been specially designed to achieve high image quality, excellent colour reproduction and a wide tonal range equal to, or better than, the 35mm slide film often favoured by professionals. In addition, the CMOS sensor's extremely high signal to noise ratio means that noise is minimized, even at the equivalent of ISO 1250.

The EOS 1Ds incorporates outstanding professional features globally acclaimed in the multi award winning EOS 1D and EOS 1V. These include 45-point area autofocus, 21 zone metering, the familiar EOS ergonomic layout and the camera's renowned toughness and durability.

In response to customer request, an image enlargement function has been introduced. 25 sections of a selected image can be enlarged on the camera's LCD screen, thus allowing you to check for detail and sharpness.

As CMOS sensors consume less power than CCDs, battery life has been improved, so that the NP-E3 battery pack can now capture up to 600 exposure on one charge***. CMOS sensors are also utilised in the award winning Canon EOS D60 prosumer model.

With the high speed FireWire standard, IEEE1394, enabling 50 Mbps throughput, high transfer speeds allow rapid plug and play downloads to a computer. CF Cards can be formatted in either the FAT16 or FAT32 file system. Formatting in FAT32 is intended for high-capacity CF cards over 2GB and is selected automatically by the camera when formatting this type of card.

Other leading innovations include the unique ability to dial in colour temperatures to meet specific lighting conditions. 10 White Balance (WB) modes and WB bracketing provide maximum flexibility and superb colour accuracy. ISO speed bracketing allows photographers to fix aperture and shutter speeds, yet shoot at three different equivalent film speeds. Such advances offer the professional advanced creative opportuniteis.

Entirely new software is available for the EOS 1Ds from the EOS Digital Solutions Disk and is compatible with both Windows and Mac operating systems. The camera also features a CF card type I/II slot enabling the use of CF cards and IBM Microdrives.

The EOS 1Ds utilizes a tough, weather resistant magnesium-alloy body and has over 70 moisture and dust resistant seals, plus a Ni-Mh battery pack with protective sealing. The shutter has been tested to an awesome 150,000 exposures.

An optional accessory, the Data Verificaton Kit DVK-E1 consists of a dedicated IC card and card reader, together with special software for Windows 2000/XP. This allows one to check that the EOS 1Ds' image files have remained absolutely unaltered after being circulated. This may well be a landmark for digital imaging in law enforcement, copyright and many other areas.

The EOS 1Ds is compatible with over 60 of Canon's EF lenses. Canon has also extended its professional photographic system by introducing the Macro Twin Lite MT-24EX for extremely versatile macro flash photography.


* As of September 2002

** As of September 2002

*** At 20 degrees centigrade/68 degrees F

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